Kiverina Elena Mihajlovna

Was born in 1931. Schedule. Member of the Union of artists of the USSR. He graduated from the Moscow polygraphic Institute. Participant of the exhibition at the Manezh in 1962. Studied in the Studio of the New reality E. M. Belyutin’s Moscow.

The “new reality” under the guidance of the painter, art theorist, writer Elia Belutin . This art community is one of the first unofficial creative unions in the postwar USSR, opposing the dogmatism of official art the search for a new plastic language. The basis of creativity of the students lies created by Velutinum “Theory of contact”. E. Belyutin, his disciples were participants in the famous Manege exhibition of 1962, after which from-for scandal perpetrated N. With. Khrushchev, Bala launched the campaign against formalism and abstractionism”.

The exhibition, organized by Ely Belyutin had, was part of a large exhibition at the Manezh dedicated to the 30th anniversary of the Moscow branch of the Union of artists of the USSR. The exhibition was attended by artists from belyutinskoy Studio “New reality”, including Tamara Ter-Ghevondian, Anatoly Shatohin, Lucian Gribkov, Vladislav Zubarev, Vera Preobrazhenskaya and others.

Khrushchev’s visit to the exhibition of avant — garde event that took place on 1 December 1962. On this day, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev visited an exhibition of avant-garde artists of the Studio “New reality” in the Arena, timed to coincide with the 30th anniversary of the Moscow branch of the Union of artists of the USSR. Leader of the Soviet Union being unprepared for the perception of abstract art, and criticized their work, using profanity.

Khrushchev walked the hall three times, and then posed questions to the artists. In particular, he asked the artists who were their fathers, figuring out class origins. Mikhail Suslov noticed Khrushchev on some of the details of the paintings, and then Khrushchev began to rebel, using, among others, words such as “shit”, “shit”, “daub”:

“Who is that person? You can’t draw? My grandson and it is better to draw! … What is it? What are you — men or homosexuals cursed, how can you write? Do you have a conscience?”

At the end of viewing the exhibition, he said that the Soviet people don’t need it.